How to Protect Your Website Using .htaccess¶
If you want to protect your website so that it can only be accessed by someone who has a username and password, you can do so by using
.htaccess. The following is just an example of one way to do this.
Step One: Make an .htpasswd File¶
Start by opening up a plain text editor and adding a line that contains your username and password, separated by a colon. The password will need to be encrypted in a special format that can be used for htaccess password protection. On Linux you can use the htpasswd tool from apache2-utils to do that. And there are many online tools to help do so, such as this.
The contents of your
.htpasswd will look something like the following, using your own username and password:
Then, save your file as
.htpasswd and upload it (using
ASCII and not
BINARY) to your web hosting in the directory under
vhosts/ corresponding to your site, like this:
Do not put this in your htdocs folder.
Step Two: Make an .htaccess File¶
Also in a plain text editor, add some content like the following:
AuthUserFile /srv/data/web/vhosts/yourvirtalhostname/.htpasswd AuthName "Password Protected Area" AuthType Basic <limit GET POST> require valid-user </limit>
Be sure to edit the
AuthUserFile line to correspond to the absolute path of your
You can personalize the password prompt by changing what comes after
You can then upload this file to directory you want the contents of the file to affect. The
.htaccess file will be enforced on the directory it is located in, as well as all sub-directories.
For example, you can place it in the root of your virtualhost to protect the entire site:
Or, in a particular directory to protect it: